How Artificial Intelligence is Changing CCTV Surveillance

CCTV cameras seem to be installed at every street corner, in restaurants, in retail stores, and inside homes. They’ve more or been a passive device until now. These cameras are installed to capture video and motion, and they don’t take any real-time action. But all of that could change with the introduction of AI, or artificial intelligence, to the CCTV system.

This phase of technological development will supercharge cameras and equip them with new capabilities. In this article, we’ll explore how AI might impact CCTV surveillance systems.

How Will Artificial Intelligence Work With CCTV Cameras?

AI is not a new concept or technology. The development of AI can be traced back to as early as 1955. But it’s only within the past couple of decades that the technology has evolved to be useful in real-life scenarios. The application of AI in CCTV cameras will make use of cloud computing, data analysis, and prediction models in a comprehensive system.

The video footage obtained from the cameras will feed to a cloud database that contains hundreds of Terabytes of information. A computer algorithm will analyze the live video and use prediction models to determine what’s happening in the footage in real-time. Countries like China and a few others have already adopted this technology to monitor citizens.

Impact of AI on CCTV Surveillance System

When the technology is here, it’s imperative to ask questions about how it could be useful in real life. And how it might affect people, businesses, governments, and other parties. Experts have several opinions, but here are a few instances where AI is already changing the surveillance system:

Passive to Reactive to Proactive

With the adoption of AI in CCTV systems, we’ll see a technological shift. Cameras that were once passive will become reactive, and then they’ll evolve to become proactive. Passive CCTV systems aren’t useful for making immediate decisions. The footage they record is called upon when necessary. AI will change this, helping moderators make a real-time decision based on the data provided.

Given the accelerated speed AI is improving, we’ll see another shift from reactive to proactive. Instead of only giving real-time input about what’s happening, CCTV systems will tell you what’s likely to occur in the future.

Authorities Can Solve Cases Faster

One area where AI-powered CCTV systems are already used is for solving criminal cases. A police department, for instance, can dig into the real-time data of a car reported in a hit-and-run incident. Or authorities can track a wanted criminal roaming in the city by analyzing video feeds. This helps law enforcement professionals everywhere solve their cases more efficiently.

Marketers Can Reach Their Customers Efficiently

Marketing is a domain that has been dramatically disrupted by technology. From print to radio to TV to digital, it’s always evolving. But with AI, marketers will gain more control over how to get their products or services to the right consumers.

For example, in a retail store, AI algorithms can recognize patterns and classify customers based on who is most or least likely to make a given purchase. Equipped with this data, they can create separate offers for each group, driving conversions.

Privacy Becomes Critical

While AI combined with CCTV cameras sounds exciting, but it has its drawbacks. According to a report titled “The Dawn of Robot Surveillance” published by ACLU, this development will severely impact privacy. As AI algorithms become better, they will be able to recognize more than just faces, but emotions too. This data can be used to adversely influence people, whether it be religiously, politically, or socially. Thus, the report calls for more regulation before AI is heavily used in CCTV surveillance systems.

But with the potential for efficiency that AI proposes, it seems evident that both government and corporates will adopt it into the cameras. It’s just a matter of when.

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